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For a woman, getting diagnosed with breast cancer is a dark period. Every woman dreads the day she notices a lump or an abnormality in her breasts, for she knows that the road ahead is a labored one. No matter how much every woman would not like to be part of this vicious circle, more and more women are falling prey to this predator.

Nearly a million new cases are reported each year worldwide, making breast cancer the 5th highest reason for death amongst women. Ironically, more cases are reported from developed nations due to high presence of factors leading to it, while a higher death rate due to breast cancer are recorded in developing or underdeveloped nations due to lack for medical facilities in these nations.

Noticing the rising trend of the disease, the need to acknowledge and battling it becomes imperative for every woman. Here’s a quick look at the various factors that are involved in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment.


The first sign is the most vital one. It is really important for women to keep a regular check on their breasts and notice any abnormalities that may be growing. Even the smallest sign should compel a visit to the doctor. Some of the symptoms that one needs to keep an eye open to are:

  • Lump in the breast or armpit 
  • Dimpling of the skin
  • Change in the size or shape of one breast
  • Retraction (pulling in) of the nipple
  • Discoloration of the breast skin


At the first sign of any abnormalities in the breasts, get a full check-up done. Besides the physical check-ups, doctors and clinics use an array of technological tests that help in diagnosing the degree and impact of the disease. Depending on the condition of the abnormality, the doctor would advise you one of these tests:


  • Mammogram/3D Tomosynthesis – Uses X-rays to take digital images
  • Ultrasound – Uses sound waves to determine the state of lump
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – Uses strong magnets with a dosage of contrasting agent
  • Biopsy – Uses fine or core needle to take sample



With your diagnoses concluded, comes the challenging part. Determining what stage the breast cancer is in. Typically there are 4 stages, one of which you might unfortunately land-up in.


  • Stage 1 – Node-negative tumor less than 2 cms
  • Stage 2 – Lymph node tumor between 2-5 cms
  • Stage 3 - Lymph node tumor more than 5 cms, nodal involvement of axillary and internal mammary nodes, nodal involvement of soft tissue near collar bone
  • Stage 4 – Tumors metastasized outside breast and lymph nodes; bones, lungs, liver



Depending on which stage one might be in, your doctor will advise the treatment accordingly. Discuss all treatment options before you make a decision. Take a second opinion if required. The treatment options available to cure the extent of your cancer tumor are:


  • Mastectomy
  • Lumpectomy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormonal Therapy
  • Targeted Therapy

The information provided herein is good to know in case you fall prey to this disease. It is just a summary of the roadmap of things to come and the detailed discussion that you will have with your doctor. If you don’t have one, look-up the right doctor on EventusLife App, available on both Android and iOS platforms or on www.eventuslife.com.

Last, but not the least, don’t lose hope. Stressing about your condition won’t help a bit. The idea is to stay positive throughout this demanding journey. 

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