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What One Should Do in Case of A Heat Stroke

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With the rising temperatures each year the problems that are related to such heat have also elevated to new levels. The most common and the most dangerous among these heat related problems is the probability to catch a heat stroke. A heat stroke is a condition wherein the body’s internal temperature rises to 104 degree Fahrenheit or above. This condition is basically a result of being exposed to high temperatures for long periods of time usually in combination with dehydration, which leads to the failure of the body’s temperature control system. The common symptoms of catching a heat stroke are nausea, confusion, disorientation, head ache, sometimes the loss of consciousness and even the dropping of the body into a coma. A heat stroke can kill, or cause extensive damage to the brain or other internal organs of the body, and thus an instant first aid is suggested in case of the problem.

The problem of a heat stroke is much more severe than expected, in India heat strokes are the second deadliest natural calamity after lightening. There has been considerable rise of 61% in the deaths that have occurred due to a heat stroke in the past decade. Andhra Pradesh takes the lead in number of the deaths closely followed by telangana. According to the Hindustan times, solely the month of May 2017 witnessed the death of 1,100 people in India out of which 852 were from Andhra Pradesh only.

Medical help should instantly be seeked in case of a heat stroke, but till the medical help arrives there are certain things that can be done to ensure that the damage done by the condition remains controlled to its minimum. A certain list of the first aid actions that can be performed is given below:

  •  The solution of the problem lies in eliminating the source of the problem. Therefore, the first step that should be taken with regard to the problem is that the person should instantly be moved to a shade or to a cooler place, which would reduce the exposure to heat. The most common things that can be done here are removing the patient’s  clothes or shifting him to a car with an air conditioner.
  •  Once out of the heat, the temperature of the patient needs to be bought down. For this purpose the patient’s body can be covered with a damp cloth or it can be sprayed with water. Fanning them while the body is covered with the damp cloth would further help to reduce the temperature at the earliest.
  •  Using an ice pack over the patient’s body is also a great idea to cool down the temperature of the patient. If an ice pack is not handy, a bag of frozen vegetables can also do the trick. Such cold pressure should be applied to the areas of the body that instantly cause the change in temperature of the body like groin, armpits, neck and back.
  •  A cold shower or a cold water tub bath is also highly suggested. Since the patient would not be in a condition to follow through on his/her own assistance should be provided for the same.
  •  Mostly, a heat stroke is a result of dehydration combined with the heat, thus the basic premise of the disease must be changed by making the patient drink an energy drink or any other fluids.
  •  In case the body of the patient experiences shivering, because of the instant cooling pressure, slow down the process of cooling to a level where the body feels comfortable with the chill.

All the above said actions are mere first aid and a doctor must mandatorily be consulted in spite of the above mentioned actions to make sure that the damage is controlled and cured at the right time.




Reference link to the numbers mentioned:http://www.hindustantimes.com/india/61-rise-in-heat-stroke-deaths-over-decade-across-india/story-UPCxZAVYZXjJ1xyjdwtxQL.html